The list below gives an overview about the essential things to after installing Ubuntu 9.10. So you’ve just installed Ubuntu 9.10 (Karmic Koala) now it’s time to experiment a bit to make full use. This list of the top things to do immediately after installing your newly acquired copy of Ubuntu doubles as a general list of great software to try out and use, complete with links to any special instructions on how to set them up, Terminal commands for those who prefer a command-line interface (CLI).

1. To keep the system up-to date type in this command lines in the terminal

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade.

All the current programs will run on the latest version.

2. Restricted Essentials

DVD Playback

To play DVD you’ll need to install libdvdcss. This can be done through terminal.


sudo apt-get install libdvdread4

Then, within terminal enter the command:


3. Restricted Extras

The ubuntu-restricted-extras package includes a bunch of things Ubuntu isn’t legally allowed to ship with, namely unrar for unarchiving .rar files, Microsoft TrueType core fonts, Sun Java Runtime Environment (JRE), restricted codecs, and finally Adobe Flash Player.

Type in the commands:

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras

4. Gnash Plugin

You can also try gnash which is open source flash player. But before installing gnash make sure that adobe’s flash player isn’t installed via synaptic or terminal.

Type in the commands:

Sudo apt-get purge flashplugin-installer nspluginwrapper

Then to install Gnash plugin

Sudo apt-get install mozilla-plugin-gnash


GNOME desktop environment version 3.0 will allow you to change the desktop environment.


sudo apt-get install gnome-shell


sudo apt-get install arc-colors community-themes gdm-themes gnome-backgrounds gnome-colors gnome-themes gnome-themes-extras gnome-themes-more metacity-themes shiki-colors zgegblog-themes

Electric Sheep screensaver


Sudo apt-get install eclectricsheep

7.Application launcher

Gnome Do is a small application that allows you to search and do things faster and more efficiently in your Ubuntu machine

sudo apt-get install gnome-do

Now you can launch it from Application → Accessories → Gnome Do


PiTiVi is an powerful and featureful movie editor . It is able to import and export video files in any format supported by the powerful GStreamer framework.


sudo apt-get install pitivi

9. Video Screen Capture

Instanbul is a great desktop recording tool which, unlike gtk-recordMyDesktop, uses GStreamer. You can install it through Synaptic or Terminal.


sudo apt-get install istanbul

10. Audio Recording & Editing

Jokosher is a simple yet powerful non-linear, multi-track audio editor.

Enter the  following command:

sudo apt-get install jokosher

11. Webcam

If you have a webcam, you need Cheese. This application can be used for taking pictures and videos from a webcam also based on the GStreamer back-end.


sudo apt-get install cheese

12. Media Center

Moovida, is a media center which is perfect for setting up a Home Theater PC (HTPC) and it uses the GStreamer multimedia framework to support playing almost any kind of file.


sudo apt-get install moovida

13. Media Player

If you are unsatisfied with the default music player like Rhythmbox  then  may want to try Banshee. It’s a media player and library for music and videos which has a number of cool features.


sudo apt-get install banshee

You can also install vlc media player which will play most of the media files.


sudo apt-get install vlc

14. Google Chrome

Webkit is the layout engine that Epiphany and Google Chrome use to render pages faster than Gecko which is used by Firefox. Chromium is only available through the a PPA and must be installed through Synaptic or Terminal.

Enter the command:

sudo apt-get install chromium-browser

15. Nexuiz

Nexuiz is a fast paced first person shooting game. It’s quite decent and Free game.


sudo apt-get install nexuiz

16. Photo Management

Ubuntu does come with F-Spot, but its not that great. You might Solang very effective and easy to use.


sudo apt-get install solang

17. 3D Graphics

Not exclusive to still imagery, Blender is an amazing 3D imagery creation suite that has already been used to create films as part of the Open Movie Project.


sudo apt-get install blender
18. Desktop Publishing

Scribus is a desktop publishing (DTP) application designed for flexible layout and typesetting and the ability to prepare files for professional quality image setting equipment like writing small newspapers, brochures, newsletters, posters and books.


sudo apt-get install scribus

File Sharing

19. Secured P2P

Gnunet  framework  for decentralized, secure, peer-to-peer networking for anonymous, censorship-resistant file-sharing.


sudo apt-get install gnunet-gtk

20. BitTorrent

It’s a dedicated BitTorrent client, and although Transmission can do the job, you might want something a little more comprehensive. Deluge is a feature complete yet lightweight application.


sudo apt-get install deluge


21. Empathy Instant Messenger

Empathy is now included with Ubuntu, but if you want the latest version with additional features like geolocation and audio/video chat for MSN, you’ll need to add the Telepathy PPA to your software sources.

APT Line: ppa:telepathy/ppa

22. Microblogging

Gwibber is a little microblogging client.


sudo apt-get install gwibber

23. Firewall

If you feel the need to have a firewall, Firewall configuration is a graphical front-end for Uncomplicated firewall (ufw).


sudo apt-get install gufw

24. Antivirus

You generally don’t need antivirus with Linux, but if you’d like to play it safe, you can install the ClamTK Virus Scanner, a graphical front-end to ClamAV.


sudo apt-get install clamtk

25. Backup

Back In Time should do everything you need to take backups of important files.


sudo apt-get install backintime-gnome

26. Partition Editor

You can partition you other storage drives, your external hard drive, you USB drive, your iPod, and basically any other writable storage drive you can plug into your computer using the GNOME Partition Editor. It does the trick on Ubuntu installation disks, and it can sure do the trick elsewhere.


sudo apt-get install gparted

27. Java runtime environment

Java is a very important thing to install.


sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin equivs

28. Download Manager

MultiGet is a http/ftp downloader with a nice GUI for linux desktop users. It can run on almost all desktops without any configuration. It has many powerful functions comparing to others.

sudo apt-get install multiget

29. Viewing PDF files

Windows equivalent of Adobe Reader which will be help to read pdf files.

sudo apt-get install acroread acroread-fonts

Access it through Applications → Office → Adobe Reader.


Quanta is the windows equivalent of Dreamweaver.


sudo apt-get install quanta

Access it through Applications → Programming → Quanta Plus


sudo apt-get install netbeans

31. Programs for CD burning with GUI

K3b is to burn cd.

Nero is available for linux, but its not free. A trial is available for 1 month usage and later it asks or activation code. But K3B is as good as Nero. Have a good feature set as Nero.

sudo apt-get install k3b k3b-data k3b-i18n libk3b3

Access it through Applications → Sound & Video → K3B.

32. Photo Management

Google Picasa

Google Picasa is an extremely professional good looking photo management application available on Windows , Linux . Google Picasa has a number of features that many photo management software on Linux don’t have further Google Picasa looks very user friendly as compared to similar open source application available on linux. Google Picasa for Linux is not a native linux application but runs on Linux thru application layer called wine which allows many windows application to run flawlessly on Linux.

Now to install Google – Picasa type the following command in the terminal window

sudo apt-get install picasa

Access it through Applications → Graphics → Picasa → Picasa

33. Running Windows applications on Ubuntu

Install Playonlinux. It’s based on wine. Wine is a compatibility layer for running Windows programs in Linux. Wine lets you run Windows software on other operating systems. With Wine, you can install and run these applications just like you would in Windows.

sudo apt-get install wine playonlinux

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