Mukti is the FOSS festival of NIT Durgapur. With the sole aim of promoting Free Software, some contest, games, workshops, talks etc are conducted during Mukti. It brings together the FOSS enthusiasts, newbies and corporates together under the same roof.Events will be held from 5-7 february 2010 at NIT Durgapur campus.It’ll be 3 days of events,contest,workshops & lots of fun .Come to participate & be a part of open source bandwagon.




Brain Mesh


Online Treasure Hunt

Open Project

Rush Hour


visit :-

For further details & registration.


What is PlayOnLinux ?

PlayOnLinux is an application to ease the installation of Windows games using Wine. It uses an online database of scripts to apply to different games that need special configurations and if the game is not in the database, a manual installation can be performed.Few games are compatible with GNU/Linux at the moment and it certainly is a factor preventing the migration to this system. PlayOnLinux brings an accessible and efficient solution to this problem, cost-free and rescpetful of the free softwares.


(For karmic)

Type in the commands: sudo wget -O /etc/apt/sources.list.d/playonlinux.list
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install playonlinux

How to use ?

Once you have installed playonlinux open it from Applications->Games->PlayOnlinux

Now I’ll show how to install winamp using playonlinux as an e.g

Click Install tab ->multimedia->winamp (click apply). If you have the setup then select ” I hv got installation file” then give the path to the setup file. If you don’t have the installation file then click forward->full. The winamp setup file will be downloaded along with DivX codecs.


Wine is a free software application that aims to allow Unix-like computer operating systems to execute programs written for Microsoft Windows.The name ‘Wine’ derives from the recursive acronym Wine Is Not an Emulator.

Wine installation

With internet connection

type in the command in the terminal : sudo apt-get install wine

That will install wine in your system.

For more information on wine and latest versions visit

Installing Windows applications using Wine:

1. Download the Windows application from any source (e.g. Download the .EXE (executable).

2. Place it in a convenient directory (e.g. the desktop, or home folder).

3. Open the terminal, and cd into the directory where the .EXE is located or just double-click on the .exe setup file.

4.Type wine the-name-of-the-application.extension (e.g. wine picasa.exe).

This will start the .EXE setup to run using Wine. If it is an installer, it will run in a manner as in Windows. If the application asks for a directory to install the application to, select put it under C:\Program Files.

After installing an application using the directions above, those applications can be started and used by entering wine programname.exe (e.g. wine picasa.exe or wine realplayer.exe). When done, close the application as one would normally. You must run the installed executable, which will by default be in the virtual Windows drive created by Wine, at ~/.wine/drive_c. Generally programs will install themselves somewhere under Program Files inside the virtual Windows drive, following Windows conventions.

Uninstalling Wine Applications

To uninstall an application installed by using wine. Type in the command “uninstaller” in the terminal.This will open up a program similar to Windows’ “add/remove programs” control panel, allowing you to uninstall applications from a Wine installation. Alternatively, you could also simply delete the folder of the application. However, as when done in Windows, this method will be “unclean” and will not remove the program’s configuration from the Wine registry like using an uninstaller will.

To shuffle your desktop wallpaper there’s a very nice and effective application. DRAPES


sudo apt-get install drapes

After installation go to preferences to get set time after which periodic shuffle will take place. Add wallpapers to be used by the application. Or just click on the desktop drapes icon to switch wallpaper.

There is a problem with the network manager in ubuntu 9.10, maybe a bug due to which DSL connections doesn’t work.

The solution to the problem is to use pppoeconf command rather than network manager to make a DSL connection and connect to internet.

Type in the command in the terminal make sure that your modem is powered on

sudo pppoeconf

Go through the options and keep all setings as defaut i.e go on selecting yes.
Input the username and password which was provided by your ISP (with which you login)
Your DSL connection will be setup.
To check status use the command : ifconfig ppp0

It worked for me !!

Changing MAC address of a machine is called spoofing a MAC address or faking a MAC address. In linux, you can change MAC address of your machine pretty easily.

First we have to find the physical MAC address of your machine by running the following command :
$ ifconfig -a | grep HWaddr
eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:25:64:57:f6:ab

The hexadecimal numbers denote my machine’s MAC address.

Next, we need to login as root in Linux
command su then type in your password and enter the following commands –
# ifconfig eth0 down
# ifconfig eth0 hw ether 00:25:64:57:f6:60
# ifconfig eth0 up
# ifconfig eth0 |grep HWaddr

I have changed the MAC address to a different number 00:25:64:57:f6:60 is the new MAC address I have provided for my Linux machine. You can choose any 48 bits hexadecimal address as your MAC address.

Why you should change MAC address of your Linux machine ?

These are the reasons you should change the MAC address of your machine.
• For privacy – For instance when you are connecting to a Wi-Fi hotspot.
• To ensure interoperability. Some internet service providers bind their service to a specific MAC address; if the user then changes their network card or intends to install a router, the service won’t work anymore. Changing the MAC address of the new interface will solve the problem.

But it’s also important to mention that in Linux, Windows, Mac OS X, or a different operating system, changing MAC address is only temporary. Once you reboot your machine, the operating system reflects the physical MAC address burnt in your network card and not the MAC address you set.


The list below gives an overview about the essential things to after installing Ubuntu 9.10. So you’ve just installed Ubuntu 9.10 (Karmic Koala) now it’s time to experiment a bit to make full use. This list of the top things to do immediately after installing your newly acquired copy of Ubuntu doubles as a general list of great software to try out and use, complete with links to any special instructions on how to set them up, Terminal commands for those who prefer a command-line interface (CLI).

1. To keep the system up-to date type in this command lines in the terminal

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade.

All the current programs will run on the latest version.

2. Restricted Essentials

DVD Playback

To play DVD you’ll need to install libdvdcss. This can be done through terminal.


sudo apt-get install libdvdread4

Then, within terminal enter the command:


3. Restricted Extras

The ubuntu-restricted-extras package includes a bunch of things Ubuntu isn’t legally allowed to ship with, namely unrar for unarchiving .rar files, Microsoft TrueType core fonts, Sun Java Runtime Environment (JRE), restricted codecs, and finally Adobe Flash Player.

Type in the commands:

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras

4. Gnash Plugin

You can also try gnash which is open source flash player. But before installing gnash make sure that adobe’s flash player isn’t installed via synaptic or terminal.

Type in the commands:

Sudo apt-get purge flashplugin-installer nspluginwrapper

Then to install Gnash plugin

Sudo apt-get install mozilla-plugin-gnash


GNOME desktop environment version 3.0 will allow you to change the desktop environment.


sudo apt-get install gnome-shell


sudo apt-get install arc-colors community-themes gdm-themes gnome-backgrounds gnome-colors gnome-themes gnome-themes-extras gnome-themes-more metacity-themes shiki-colors zgegblog-themes

Electric Sheep screensaver


Sudo apt-get install eclectricsheep

7.Application launcher

Gnome Do is a small application that allows you to search and do things faster and more efficiently in your Ubuntu machine

sudo apt-get install gnome-do

Now you can launch it from Application → Accessories → Gnome Do


PiTiVi is an powerful and featureful movie editor . It is able to import and export video files in any format supported by the powerful GStreamer framework.


sudo apt-get install pitivi

9. Video Screen Capture

Instanbul is a great desktop recording tool which, unlike gtk-recordMyDesktop, uses GStreamer. You can install it through Synaptic or Terminal.


sudo apt-get install istanbul

10. Audio Recording & Editing

Jokosher is a simple yet powerful non-linear, multi-track audio editor.

Enter the  following command:

sudo apt-get install jokosher

11. Webcam

If you have a webcam, you need Cheese. This application can be used for taking pictures and videos from a webcam also based on the GStreamer back-end.


sudo apt-get install cheese

12. Media Center

Moovida, is a media center which is perfect for setting up a Home Theater PC (HTPC) and it uses the GStreamer multimedia framework to support playing almost any kind of file.


sudo apt-get install moovida

13. Media Player

If you are unsatisfied with the default music player like Rhythmbox  then  may want to try Banshee. It’s a media player and library for music and videos which has a number of cool features.


sudo apt-get install banshee

You can also install vlc media player which will play most of the media files.


sudo apt-get install vlc

14. Google Chrome

Webkit is the layout engine that Epiphany and Google Chrome use to render pages faster than Gecko which is used by Firefox. Chromium is only available through the a PPA and must be installed through Synaptic or Terminal.

Enter the command:

sudo apt-get install chromium-browser

15. Nexuiz

Nexuiz is a fast paced first person shooting game. It’s quite decent and Free game.


sudo apt-get install nexuiz

16. Photo Management

Ubuntu does come with F-Spot, but its not that great. You might Solang very effective and easy to use.


sudo apt-get install solang

17. 3D Graphics

Not exclusive to still imagery, Blender is an amazing 3D imagery creation suite that has already been used to create films as part of the Open Movie Project.


sudo apt-get install blender
18. Desktop Publishing

Scribus is a desktop publishing (DTP) application designed for flexible layout and typesetting and the ability to prepare files for professional quality image setting equipment like writing small newspapers, brochures, newsletters, posters and books.


sudo apt-get install scribus

File Sharing

19. Secured P2P

Gnunet  framework  for decentralized, secure, peer-to-peer networking for anonymous, censorship-resistant file-sharing.


sudo apt-get install gnunet-gtk

20. BitTorrent

It’s a dedicated BitTorrent client, and although Transmission can do the job, you might want something a little more comprehensive. Deluge is a feature complete yet lightweight application.


sudo apt-get install deluge


21. Empathy Instant Messenger

Empathy is now included with Ubuntu, but if you want the latest version with additional features like geolocation and audio/video chat for MSN, you’ll need to add the Telepathy PPA to your software sources.

APT Line: ppa:telepathy/ppa

22. Microblogging

Gwibber is a little microblogging client.


sudo apt-get install gwibber

23. Firewall

If you feel the need to have a firewall, Firewall configuration is a graphical front-end for Uncomplicated firewall (ufw).


sudo apt-get install gufw

24. Antivirus

You generally don’t need antivirus with Linux, but if you’d like to play it safe, you can install the ClamTK Virus Scanner, a graphical front-end to ClamAV.


sudo apt-get install clamtk

25. Backup

Back In Time should do everything you need to take backups of important files.


sudo apt-get install backintime-gnome

26. Partition Editor

You can partition you other storage drives, your external hard drive, you USB drive, your iPod, and basically any other writable storage drive you can plug into your computer using the GNOME Partition Editor. It does the trick on Ubuntu installation disks, and it can sure do the trick elsewhere.


sudo apt-get install gparted

27. Java runtime environment

Java is a very important thing to install.


sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin equivs

28. Download Manager

MultiGet is a http/ftp downloader with a nice GUI for linux desktop users. It can run on almost all desktops without any configuration. It has many powerful functions comparing to others.

sudo apt-get install multiget

29. Viewing PDF files

Windows equivalent of Adobe Reader which will be help to read pdf files.

sudo apt-get install acroread acroread-fonts

Access it through Applications → Office → Adobe Reader.


Quanta is the windows equivalent of Dreamweaver.


sudo apt-get install quanta

Access it through Applications → Programming → Quanta Plus


sudo apt-get install netbeans

31. Programs for CD burning with GUI

K3b is to burn cd.

Nero is available for linux, but its not free. A trial is available for 1 month usage and later it asks or activation code. But K3B is as good as Nero. Have a good feature set as Nero.

sudo apt-get install k3b k3b-data k3b-i18n libk3b3

Access it through Applications → Sound & Video → K3B.

32. Photo Management

Google Picasa

Google Picasa is an extremely professional good looking photo management application available on Windows , Linux . Google Picasa has a number of features that many photo management software on Linux don’t have further Google Picasa looks very user friendly as compared to similar open source application available on linux. Google Picasa for Linux is not a native linux application but runs on Linux thru application layer called wine which allows many windows application to run flawlessly on Linux.

Now to install Google – Picasa type the following command in the terminal window

sudo apt-get install picasa

Access it through Applications → Graphics → Picasa → Picasa

33. Running Windows applications on Ubuntu

Install Playonlinux. It’s based on wine. Wine is a compatibility layer for running Windows programs in Linux. Wine lets you run Windows software on other operating systems. With Wine, you can install and run these applications just like you would in Windows.

sudo apt-get install wine playonlinux

For more information visit